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Common Pediatric Diseases and Conditions

Common diseases and conditions that affect children, including information about dermatology, orthopedics, diabetes, cystic fibrosis, and cancer.
  1. Mental Health
  2. Acid Reflux (8)
  3. Home Treatment Tips (5)
  4. Allergies (80)
  5. Asthma (44)
  6. Cerebral Palsy (6)
  7. Childhood Cancer (8)
  8. Children with Diabetes (8)
  9. Constipation (19)
  10. Dermatology Topics (137)
  11. Down Syndrome (18)
  12. Headaches (12)
  13. Hydrocephalus (5)
  14. Multiple Sclerosis (1)
  15. Orthopedic Topics (32)
  16. Primary Immunodeficiency (15)

Earwax
Although having earwax is normal and has many benefits, it is possible to have too much of a good thing, leading to symptoms which can range from ear pain to hearing loss. Learn how to prevent and treat excessive earwax in your kids.

Iron Deficiency
Iron deficiency is still a common cause of anemia in young children. Learn how to recognize and prevent iron deficiency anemia in your kids by encouraging them to eat foods with iron, avoiding risk factors for iron deficiency anemia, and getting screened when they are about 12 months old.

Vaginitis - Symptoms and Treatments
Vaginitis refers to inflammation or infection of the vagina and is a common problem in girls, both before and after they start puberty.

Stevens-Johnson Syndrome
Stevens-Johnson syndrome (SJS) is a rare type of hypersensitivity reaction to a medication or an infection, and can lead to the formation of a blistering skin rash and painful mouth ulcers. Learn more about Stevens-Johnson syndrome symptoms and treatments, which can be triggered by many commonly prescribed antibiotics and anticonvulsants.

Ingrown Toenails
Older children and teens often get an ingrown toenail either because they wear tight-fitting shoes that put pressure on their toenail or they trim their toenails too short. Learn how to treat and prevent your child from getting an ingrown toenail.

Galactosemia
Galactosemia is a rare inherited disorder in which children are unable to break down and use the sugar galactose. Learn about the symptoms and treatments for children with galactosemia.

Hemochromatosis
Hemochromatosis is a genetic disease that can be inherited from a child's parents, in which a child can absorb too much iron, leading to extra iron being stored in the child's liver, heart, pancreas, and other organs.

Stuttering
Stuttering is a common problem for children. In fact, about 5% of children stutter as preschoolers. Many outgrow it though, so that only about 1% of adults are still stuttering. Learn how to help your child who stutters, including what stuttering therapy is available and where to go for help.

Celiac Disease
Celiac disease is an autoimmune disorder, with symptoms that range from gas and diarrhea to irritability and depression. It is caused by an intolerance to the protein gluten, which is found in foods that contain wheat, rye, and barley.

Rheumatic Fever
Learn about the symptoms and treatments for rheumatic fever, a complication of an infection, like strep throat, that can cause arthritis, heart problems, a rash, fever, and other symptoms.

Neurofibromatosis
Learn more about neurofibromatosis, a type of neurocutaneous syndrome that affects about 100,000 people in the United States.

Parenting Tips
Submit your parenting tips for coping with common childhood health issues and problems. Do you have a child with asthma, allergies, constipation, eczema, or headaches, etc.? What works for you?

Infant Reflux and Spitting Up
Review what you should do if your infant is spitting up his formula and has gastroesophageal reflux.

Symptoms of Hypothyroidism
Review the symptoms of hypothyroidism in children.

Ear Infections
Ear infections are common in children and can cause symptoms of ear pain, fever, trouble sleeping and irritability. Learn about treatments for acute otitis media, otitis media with effusion (fluid), and how ear infections can affect hearing and language learning.

Cystic Fibrosis
Cystic fibrosis is a genetic disease that can cause a chronic cough, frequent respiratory infections, poor growth, and malabsorption. Learn about treatments and how CF is diagnosed in children, including the sweat chloride test.

IBS
IBS or irritable bowel syndrome is a common cause of chronic abdominal pain in children, especially older children and teens.

Cryptorchidism - Undescended Testicle
Learn about the management and treatment of babies with cryptorchidism or undescended testicles.

Encopresis
Learn what to do about a school aged child who is having soiling accidents and may have encopresis.

Lactose Intolerance
Review what might cause a child to have a stomach ache and a poor appetite after being treating for a severe rotavirus infection.

Guillain-Barrè Syndrome Fact Sheet
Guillain-Barre Syndrome is an autoimmune disorder that causes weakness and tingling in the legs, arms and upper body, which can lead to paralysis. Reflexes are also usually lost. Learn about diagnosis and treatments.

Snoring
How do you know if your child is just a normal snorer or if he has obstructive sleep apnea? When is snoring a problem?

Stuttering
Many toddlers and preschool age children stutter as they are learning to talk, and although many parents worry about it, most of these children will outgrow the stuttering and will have normal speech as they get older. This article includes advice on what to do if your child stutters.

Shakes and Seizures
Review what might cause a child to have the 'shakes,' including different types of seizures.

Juvenile Arthritis
Learn about the different types of juvenile arthritis and how to tell if your child's aches and pains might be caused by juvenile idiopathic arthritis.

Current Clinical Practice Guidelines
Links to all of the American Academy of Pediatrics practice guidelines, including how to treat children with ADHD, urinary tract infections, febrile seizures, otitis media with effusion, and acute gastroenteritis. Plus a list of AAP endorsed practice guidelines on constipation, asthma, lyme disease and reflux.

Epilepsy in Children
Answer place center for parents of children with seizures and epilepsy from the Epilepsy Foundation of America, including recognizing signs of a seizure, managing seizures at school, and treatment options.

Childhood Diseases
Wondering how to keep your child healthy? Need symptom or treatment information? Look under these symptom or disease headings from the CDC.

GeneralPediatrics.com
The General Pediatrician's View of the Internet, with information for parents and professionals about common pediatric health problems.

Parent's Common Sense Encyclopedia
Listings of common pediatric problems and conditions, with short and easy to understand explanations, including ABO incompatibilities, allergies, cold sores, diaper rashes, leukemia, SIDS, and urticaria.

Tests and Procedures
General information on common childhood tests and procedures, including biopsies, scans, studies, tests, ultrasounds, urine/stool collections, and x-rays, including a barium enema, MRI scan, Upper GI, and video swallow.

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