Classic Childhood Infections
Among the most classic childhood infections are those that are associated with a rash and fever.
Fifth disease (erythema infectiosum) is one of the most well-known of these types of infections. Interestingly, it got its name because it was the fifth childhood infection that was known to produce a rash and fever. The others were:
- Measles or Rubeola
- Scarlet Fever
- Rubella or German Measles
- Filatov-Dukes disease (similar to scarlet fever)
- Erythema Infectiosum (Fifth disease)
- Roseola Infantum (Sixth disease)
You can also think of common childhood infections by the type of infection, such as:
- Ear Infections
- Head Lice
- Pink Eye
- Swimmer's Ear
- Urinary Tract Infections
It can be even more helpful to think of childhood infections by the part of the body the infection affects, such as:
- Bronchiolitis (which can be caused by RSV and other viruses)
- Cold Symptoms
- Flu Symptoms
- Walking Pneumonia
- Whooping Cough
Childhood infections often affect the skin. In addition to having a rash as one of the many symptoms of the infection, such as chickenpox, many infections cause a skin rash as their primary symptom, including:
Most parents are all too familiar with intestinal infections that usually cause diarrhea, vomiting, nausea, and other gastrointestinal symptoms.
These intestinal infections include:
Infections of the Head, Ears, Nose, and Throat
Some of the most common infections in childhood affect parts of the head. Ear infections are one of the most common infections seen by pediatricians.
Urinary Tract Infections
Infections of the urinary tract can be relatively minor or more serious. They can affect the bladder or the kidneys.
- Cystitis (This is an infection of the bladder and is what is usually meant when someone has a urinary tract infection.
- Pyelonephritis (This is an infection of the kidneys themselves and is often more serious)
Kids commonly get viral infections. Unfortunately, as most parents know, there are usually no treatments or cures for most viral infections.
Although antibiotics don't treat viral infections, most children do get better fairly quickly on their own from most viral infections. Viral infections include:
Yeast and fungal infections usually infect a child's skin, hair, or nails. More serious fungal infections can sometimes occur in those with immune system problems.
Parasites are a common cause of infection around the world. They can cause diarrheal diseases, blood diseases, and skin diseases. Some of the more common include:
Vaccine Preventable Infections
In addition to the major infections that vaccines have conquered or gotten under good control in the United States, vaccines are available to help get some others under better control. Vaccines are currently available for the following vaccine preventable infections: