A. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS) is the severe end of a spectrum of effects that can occur when a woman drinks during pregnancy. Fetal death is the most extreme outcome. FAS is a disorder characterized by abnormal facial features, and growth and central nervous system (CNS) problems. If a pregnant woman drinks alcohol but her child does not have all of the symptoms of FAS, it is possible that her child has an alcohol-related neurodevelopmental disorder (ARND). Children with ARND do not have full FAS, but may demonstrate learning and behavioral problems caused by prenatal exposure to alcohol. If you think a child may have FAS or other alcohol-related effects, contact a doctor. Children with FAS or ARND may have the following characteristics or exhibit the following behaviors:
- small for gestational age or small in stature in relation to peers
- facial abnormalities such as small eye openings
- poor coordination
- hyperactive behavior
- learning disabilities
- developmental disabilities (e.g., speech and language delays)
- mental retardation or low IQ
- problems with daily living
- poor reasoning and judgment skills
- sleep and sucking disturbances in infancy.
Talk to your Pediatrician if you think your child might have Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.
reproduced from The National Center on Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities